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The Role of Data Technologies with Machine Learning Approaches in Makkah Religious Seasons


Waleed Al Shehri


Vol. 23  No. 8  pp. 26-32


Hajj is a fundamental pillar of Islam that all Muslims must perform at least once in their lives. However, Umrah can be performed several times yearly, depending on people's abilities. Every year, Muslims from all over the world travel to Saudi Arabia to perform Hajj. Hajj and Umrah pilgrims face multiple issues due to the large volume of people at the same time and place during the event. Therefore, a system is needed to facilitate the people's smooth execution of Hajj and Umrah procedures. Multiple devices are already installed in Makkah, but it would be better to suggest the data architectures with the help of machine learning approaches. The proposed system analyzes the services provided to the pilgrims regarding gender, location, and foreign pilgrims. The proposed system addressed the research problem of analyzing the Hajj pilgrim dataset most effectively. In addition, Visualizations of the proposed method showed the system's performance using data architectures. Machine learning algorithms classify whether male pilgrims are more significant than female pilgrims. Several algorithms were proposed to classify the data, including logistic regression, Naive Bayes, K-nearest neighbors, decision trees, random forests, and XGBoost. The decision tree accuracy value was 62.83%, whereas K-nearest Neighbors had 62.86%; other classifiers have lower accuracy than these. The open-source dataset was analyzed using different data architectures to store the data, and then machine learning approaches were used to classify the dataset.


Hajj Pilgrims, Data Analysis, Big Data Technologies, Data Architectures, Data Mesh, Data Fabric, Machine Learning.